Home Forums WOMEN AND GENDER FACTORS THAT HINDER WOMEN ACCESS TO LABOUR MARKET N CAPITAL

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  • #5047

    Athanasia Soka
    Moderator

    Tanzania has a population of about 44.9 million, women being over 50%. (2012 census). Unfortunately most women have not attended formal education and for those who were lucky, did not go far due to the gender roles. Most of them ended at ordinary level education, which made most of them unable to find formal employment, thus resorting to Women entrepreneurship. Women are found in informal, micro level and low-growth sectors where they encounter stiff competition while earning subsistence incomes due to inadequate capital and lack of confidence.
    There are various stakeholders involved namely: men and women in their individual capacities:
    1. Men are obstacles to girl child and women access to resources. However women also lack confidence, resulting to failure in the business they establish due to socialization.

    2. Policy Makers: Not gender sensitive as a result laws and policies end up ousting women in its implementation.

    3. Systems: Patriarchal oriented.

    IN THIS CONTEXT, IS THERE ANY REASON FOR THE WOMEN TO BE FULLY INVOLVED IN THE LABOUR MARKET AND CAPITAL?
    A) WHAT SHOULD BE DONE?

    B) WHO SHOULD BE INVOLVED AND HOW?

    • Is there any room to improve women labour and economic situation in Tanzania? Please explain on how is this possible.

    • Is there any challenge that may be faced in this process?

    • What individual initiatives (for women and men) can be carried out to improve women labour and capital situation?

    • What should the Government do to address the labour and capital situation of women in Tanzania?

    • In your opinion, what are your recommendations to address this situation? (Please give your recommendations in order of preference).

    #5254

    Athanasia Soka
    Moderator

    Dear colleagues, welcome to this forum.
    I have received an e mail from a member, contributing to the topic. She is the first one to start the ball rolling. This is non other than Lucia Kairo. Hereunder she goes:-

    To my mind, women should be involved in the labour market fully.
    We know women apart from being rears of children; they are also providers of necessities in the house – holds. Bear and rear
    A man though could be working in formal sectors, and simply say he doesn’t have money to food for example, however a woman who is not working will even break her “kibubu” so that the family can have something on the table and the money from kibubu is mainly obtained through primitive accumulation like upatu or vicoba etc.
    In the said circumstances, women should also be involved in the labour market. The question is “how” as the patriarchal system has left them behind by not taking a girl child to school believing that the future husband will take care of her and the children. Besides her gender roles (cooking, fetching water/firewood, looking for siblings etc) too is an obstacle for those who managed to get formal education. Thus the girl child/woman could not be absorbed in formal employment.
    However the situation can improve if the society decides to change and each play the required roles.
    Starting with women themselves, being mothers and children rears, they have to change the society’s mentality on gender roles which affect girl child by playing an active role to break stereotype ideas on the social-cultural roles of boys and girls. This should start from early child hood. It will take time yes as changes most of the times are resisted, but slowly I believe the society will change.
    The Government in liaison with NGOs should also take an active role by providing legal literacy on human rights especially women’s right to both men and women.
    The Government should also enact laws and policies which are gender sensitive to protect women.

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