February 21, 2014 at 4:40 PM #5028
The East African Community (EAC) was established in the 2000 following the coming into force of the Treaty establishing the EAC that was signed in 1999. Accordingly, Article 5(2) of the Treaty establishing the EAC names the four stages of the EAC integration as establishment of a Customs Union, then a Common Market, subsequently a Monetary Union and ultimately a Political Federation.
The Treaty spelled out the timeframe of establishing a Customs Union to be four years and did not make further timeframe provisions for the remaining stages of the integration process. The first stage of the integration process was realized following coming into force of the EAC Customs Union Protocol in January 2005. The region decided to move further uphill and finalized negotiations of the EAC Common Market Protocol in 2009, the protocol of the EAC Common Market came into force in July 2010. This Protocol liberalizes the Capital/Investments Market, the labor market and the services market.
The implementation of the EAC Common Market is a gradual process and the anticipation of the Community is there will be a fully operational Common Market by 2015; the gradual process is technically termed as ‘progressive liberalization’. Partner States have scheduled their commitments in the areas which they have liberalized, and are free to schedule any additional commitments. Liberalization of the labor market is the issue of discussion for the forum.
This discussion among other issues of interest aim to address the following issues as key areas or guides to discussion:
• Have the Tanzanians prepared themselves to pursue the opportunities and face challenges of the wider EAC labour market?
• Is the level of awareness to the intended beneficiaries enough to enable them to participate in the EAC labour market?
• What should be done so that majority of the intended Tanzanians exploit the EAC labour market?
• What are the opportunities and challenges for Tanzania’s participation in the liberalized labour market?
May I take this opportunity to kindly welcome you all to share your views, opinions, facts and experience on this valuable topic.
Forum ModeratorFebruary 21, 2014 at 8:58 PM #5030
Hellow and welcome to this forum dear members!
I have received post contributing on this topic, the first member to trigger the discussion; Eng. Kowero. Here is what he wrote:
It is not a question of benefiting from EAC labour market…it is a question of what are we trying to do in order to benefit…. we seem to stand and stay still and wait for things to happen at our door step.. this is not the best approach to look things … it will not happen and we will always complain that we are loosing out since we do not prepare ourselves to fight and claim what is rightful ours. We need to change the way we have been thinking it is to do with MINDSET….. we take too long to think and not making decisions we need Change of Mindset….
Eng KoweroFebruary 25, 2014 at 9:01 PM #5032
We have another contribution from Mr Godson Mwakubombaki
I am not sure if at all now Tanzania is benefiting from EAC Labour Market. I think it may be beneficial to Tanzanian in the next five to ten years to come. I think Tanzania need to produce aggressive people to be able o fight and compete in the EAC labour market. For now only Kenyan are enjoying much to this market since they are strong enough to excel in the market unlike Ugandans and Tanzanian.
GodsonFebruary 27, 2014 at 1:37 AM #5033
Thanks for this topic,which is very crucial considered that Labor market is a greatest barriers against our Nation Development Progress.As all known that Kenyans are enjoying this market,we are suppose to think where did we go wrong?..We are producing intellectuals that are not competitive in labor market.The syllabus that are using by our academic institution are basing only on awarding certificate but not producing aggressive graduates. Producing many graduates with less competitive profile in the labor market is like owning many cars which are not working.In that matters i can say that TANZANIAN ARE NOT WELL PREPARED TO PURSUE THE OPPORTUNITIES AND FACE CHALLENGES OF THE WIDER EAC LABOR MARKETMarch 1, 2014 at 3:38 PM #5034
Thanks CLKNET forum for posting this interesting topic especially when the region is opening for a broader regional integrations issues such as the common market and areas such as the employment. Lets not entertains the negativities most people have, that Tanzania is not benefiting from the EAC region. Lets look at the facts and not opinion. The fact is that there is no EAC without Tanzania. Most of the goods the leader (Kenya) export comes from Tanzania and re-exported(fish, fruits and other horticultural products).This means that our farmers and other services providers benefit by getting income from those products and services. Again the statics indicates that Tanzania is the top beneficiary of the investments from other countries in the region . moreover due to the strategic location and abundance of natural resources compared to other EAC members, Tanzania gets more FDI than its neighbors; one of the reasons why more investors would wish to locate their Investments in Tanzania is the peaceful environment and accessibility of the country and friendly nature of the people and many other reasons. I have also been participating in many regional events including studies and came to realized that Tanzanians can compete with other EAC members in the labour market but the only problem most people face in this country is lack of confidence due to language problem. The other challenge which I Think Tanzanians need to work on so that the country benefits is being strategic in every step; something which I think we have started to work on and this has been indicated in by our neighbors trying to push us in the corners so that we sign some of the EAC protocols for their advantage(a good example is the land issue, Common visa, and promotion of tourism attractions together). Hence we should not be discouraged with the existing challenges (such as language barriers), Tanzanians are competitive in the EAC and also already benefiting (you can look at the EAC statistics in the EAC website) though need to assess our comparative advantage areas and take the lead and be strategic. I have visited some of the top leaders in the EU but was astonished to find that to date their citizens are still complaining that they don’t benefit from the EU regional integration, so what we observe in Tanzania is not new even to examply regional integrations such as in the EU people still have those feelings. My suggestion now is that let’s get out of the ‘complaints game’ and focus on how Tanzanians can benefit more from the EAC integration.March 3, 2014 at 9:34 PM #5035
It is possible for Tanzanians to benefit from EAC labour market.
What we are suppose to do is to review our curriculum in schools and colleges to match with the regional labour maket demands.This will create LABOUR SUPPLY.
Also to change our MINDSET that we can CREATE JOBS by using our potentials through CREATIVITY and INNOVATION which automatically will create LABOUR DEMANDS.March 3, 2014 at 10:35 PM #5036
Salaam to you Clknet Members!
Thank you for your good contributions so far. It is very true that this forum has received a very positive respond from you members. May i recognize contribution from Eng Kowero, Mr A Mbilinyi, Mr Godson, Mr Brighton and Mr Moses Irira.
Your contributions have been great,that’s very okay. However, lets ask the following questions keenly:
1. From some contributions Kenya has been identified as a dominating force in the EAC labour Market. Tanzania got independence before Kenya, where did the later leapfrogged the earlier in terms of creating a dominating labour force in the market?
2. What should be done to enhance and ensure implementation of good proposed ways forward from you members?
Karibuni katika jukwaa.
ModeratorMarch 3, 2014 at 11:17 PM #5037
Dear Clknet Members,
You can also find the report on labour market competitiveness from our website for more references :http://clknet.or.tz/?p=2208
Report on Labour Market Competitiveness in East Africa: Where Does Tanzania Stand?
Anselm NamalaMarch 4, 2014 at 5:29 PM #5038
The East African Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization comprising five countries in the African Great Lakes region in eastern Africa: Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda. Uhuru Kenyatta, the President of the Republic of Kenya, is the EAC’s current chairman. Organization was originally founded in 1967, collapsed in 1977 due to various reasons, and was officially revived on 7 July 2000. In 2008, after negotiations with the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), the EAC agreed to an expanded free trade area including the member states of all three organizations. The EAC is an integral part of the African Economic Community.
There is a lot to do before the country entering to union like this, there is a question to ask yourself e.g. Have the Tanzanians prepared themselves to pursue the opportunities and face challenges of the wider EAC labour market? Or Is the target group aware?
However, Unemployment remains a major challenge in EAC. Enabling workers to move freely and work anywhere within the region is critical first step in addressing unemployment problem in the region. It is also beneficial to the extent that skilled labour –a rare factor of production in EAC –can move freely and partner states can easily obtain skills that are locally scarce from other partner states. Many Tanzanians are also concerned, because creating a common market means removing obstacles to the free movement of both labour and capital. Free movement of labour may be perceived as highly desirable in Uganda and Kenya, and have important developmental benefits in Tanzania, however in Tanzania there is widespread resistance to the idea of ceding land rights to foreigners, including citizens of Kenya and Uganda. Tanzania will benefit a lot if we can change our education system to suit for the market hence it is obvious that Tanzania cannot compete with Ugandans or Kenyans in the labour market.
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